How Do I To Know On Which Gameobject I Clicked On Unity

Unity is a powerful game development platform that allows you to create immersive and interactive 2D and 3D games. One common task in game development is to determine which GameObject (an object in the game world) was clicked by the player. This information is crucial for a wide range of game mechanics, from selecting characters to interacting with objects in the game world. In this article, we will explore various methods and techniques to achieve this in Unity.

Why Knowing Which GameObject Was Clicked Is Important

Before we dive into the technical details, let’s understand why knowing which GameObject was clicked is crucial in game development. Consider a few scenarios:

  1. Player Interaction: In many games, players interact with the game world by clicking on objects. For instance, in a point-and-click adventure game, clicking on a door should trigger an interaction with the door.
  2. Selecting Characters: In a strategy game, you may need to select units or characters by clicking on them. Knowing which character the player clicked allows you to perform actions on that character.
  3. Inventory Management: In RPGs, players often click on items to pick them up or use them. Determining the clicked item is essential for inventory management.
  4. UI Interactions: Sometimes, you may want to interact with UI elements by clicking on them. For example, clicking on a button should trigger a specific action.

Now that we understand the importance of knowing which GameObject was clicked, let’s explore how to achieve this in Unity.

Method 1: Raycasting

Raycasting is a common method used in Unity to determine which GameObject was clicked. Here’s how it works:

1. Create a Ray

First, you need to create a ray that originates from the camera’s position and extends into the scene in the direction of the mouse click. Unity provides a convenient method for this:

Ray ray = Camera.main.ScreenPointToRay(Input.mousePosition);

This code creates a ray starting from the camera’s position and going through the mouse cursor’s position on the screen.

2. Cast the Ray

Next, you cast the ray into the scene and check for collisions with GameObjects using Physics.Raycast:

RaycastHit hit;
if (Physics.Raycast(ray, out hit)) {
    // A GameObject was clicked!
    GameObject clickedObject = hit.collider.gameObject;
    // Now, you can do something with the clickedObject.

This code detects whether the ray intersects with any GameObjects in the scene. If a collision is detected, hit.collider.gameObject will contain the reference to the GameObject that was clicked.

Method 2: Event System (UI Interactions)

If you are dealing with UI elements in Unity, you can use the Event System to handle click interactions. Here’s how:

1. Set Up the Event System

Ensure that you have an Event System object in your scene. You can add one by going to GameObject > UI > Event System.

2. UI Button

For UI buttons, you can simply attach a script to the button and define a method to handle the click event. Unity’s UI system will automatically call this method when the button is clicked.

using UnityEngine;
using UnityEngine.UI;

public class UIButtonHandler : MonoBehaviour
    public void OnButtonClick()
        // This method will be called when the button is clicked.
        // You can access the button's GameObject using "gameObject".

In this example, the OnButtonClick method will be called when the button is clicked, and you can access the button’s GameObject using gameObject.

3. UI Elements Other Than Buttons

For UI elements other than buttons, you can use the EventTrigger component to define custom click handlers. Attach an EventTrigger component to the GameObject you want to make clickable, and then add an event trigger for the “Pointer Click” event. You can then associate a method with this event to handle the click.

Method 3: Physics2D.Raycast (2D Games)

If you are developing a 2D game in Unity, you can use Physics2D.Raycast to determine which GameObject was clicked. This method is similar to the 3D raycasting approach but tailored for 2D games.

1. Create a 2D Ray

Vector2 rayOrigin = Camera.main.ScreenToWorldPoint(Input.mousePosition);
RaycastHit2D hit = Physics2D.Raycast(rayOrigin,;

In this code, rayOrigin represents the mouse click position in the game world coordinates.

2. Check for Collisions

if (hit.collider != null) {
    // A GameObject was clicked in the 2D scene!
    GameObject clickedObject = hit.collider.gameObject;
    // Handle the clickedObject as needed.

Similar to the 3D raycasting method, you check for collisions with GameObjects and retrieve the clicked GameObject from hit.collider.gameObject.

Frequently Asked Questions

How can I detect which GameObject was clicked in Unity?

To detect which GameObject was clicked in Unity, you can use raycasting. Cast a ray from your camera to the point where the mouse was clicked, and then check for collisions with GameObjects. You can use the Raycast function from the Physics class to achieve this. If a hit is detected, you can access the GameObject through the hit.collider.gameObject property.

How do I handle multiple GameObjects when clicking?

If you have multiple GameObjects in the scene and want to determine which one was clicked, you can iterate through the hits obtained from raycasting. You can then compare properties or tags of the GameObjects to identify the specific one that was clicked.

Can I use Unity’s event system to detect clicks on GameObjects?

Yes, Unity’s Event System provides an alternative way to detect clicks on GameObjects. You can attach a Physics Raycaster component to your camera and use UI components like Buttons or Image elements as triggers. Attach EventTrigger components to these UI elements, and you can define custom functions that execute when they are clicked.

Is there a way to filter what can be clicked using raycasting?

Yes, you can filter which GameObjects can be clicked using layers and layer masks. Assign different layers to GameObjects in your scene, and when performing a raycast, you can specify a layer mask to only consider certain layers. This allows you to ignore or prioritize certain types of GameObjects during raycasting.

How can I pass information from the clicked GameObject to a script?

To pass information from the clicked GameObject to a script, you can attach a script to the GameObject that contains the necessary data or behavior. When you detect a click on that GameObject, you can access its script component using hit.collider.gameObject.GetComponent<MyScript>() and then access or modify the data or functionality as needed.

    Remember that Unity’s documentation and community forums are valuable resources for further details and examples on handling GameObject clicks in Unity.

    Determining which GameObject was clicked in Unity is a fundamental task in game development. Whether you’re working on a 2D or 3D game, understanding the methods of raycasting, using the Event System for UI interactions, and employing Physics2D.Raycast for 2D games will allow you to create engaging and interactive experiences for players. Remember that handling player input effectively is essential for creating games that are not only visually appealing but also enjoyable to play.

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